Located in the province of Pesaro-Urbino, a historic Piceno and Roman center, Fano is the third most populated city in the Marches, preceded only by Ancona and Pesaro. That’s why it is a stop to be included absolutely in your list of what to see in the Marche.
Fano is also known as the City of Fortune, from its Roman name Fanum Fortunae, which recalls the Temple of Fortuna, perhaps built in memory of the famous Battle of Metauro during which the Roman legions managed to destroy the army of the Carthaginian general Asdrubale.
That Fano was strongly influenced by the Romans is also testified by its plan: it was Caesar Octavian Augustus who built the walls that still surround the historic center today.
In the 12th century Fano became a municipality and after a short period under the Este family, at the end of the 12th century, it became the property of the Malatesta family of Rimini. In 1463 the city was left after a siege to Duke Federico da Montefeltro of Urbino. However the population did not want to become part of the Duchy of Urbino and became an ecclesiastical vicariate.